Bank of England hints rates near peak after 10th hike - REUTERS
By William Schomberg and David Milliken
- Bank of England raises Bank Rate by 50 basis points
- Governor Bailey sees inflation turning corner
- But too soon to call victory, Bailey says
- Two rate setters vote against rate hikes
- Investors see rate-hike run coming to end
LONDON, Feb 2 (Reuters) - The Bank of England signalled the tide was turning in its battle against high inflation after it raised interest rates on Thursday for the 10th meeting in a row, prompting investors to prepare for the end of its run of higher borrowing costs.
The BoE's interest rate setters voted 7-2 to push Bank Rate to 4.0% - its highest since 2008 - from 3.5%. The move had been expected by most investors and economists polled by Reuters.
Like other central banks such as the U.S. Federal Reserve and the European Central Bank, which raised rates on Wednesday and Thursday respectively, the BoE is trying to smother the risks from an inflation rate that is way above its target.
But it is also worried about aggravating what is expected to be the worst recession among big rich economies this year.
It said its rate hikes going back to December 2021 were likely to become an increasing drag on the economy, helping to bring inflation down to about 4% by the end of this year. Previously the BoE had forecast 2023 inflation at around 5%.
"We've seen the first signs that inflation has turned the corner," Governor Andrew Bailey told reporters after the rate hike. "But it's too soon to declare victory just yet, inflationary pressures are still there."
The Monetary Policy Committee (MPC) would need to be "absolutely sure" that inflation was receding, he said.
The MPC said further interest rate hikes would hinge on evidence of more persistent price pressures.
Previously the BoE had said it would "respond forcefully, as necessary" to signs of further inflation pressure, and that "further increases in Bank Rate may be required".
Investors now think the BoE will raise rates once more, to 4.25% in March, and then keep rates steady, in contrast to expectations before the meeting that it would probably raise rates twice more this year to reach 4.5% by June.
Sterling fell sharply against the U.S. dollar while British government bonds chalked up their biggest daily gains since October.
Bailey said labour market data would be key for understanding how quickly inflation falls. Current pay settlements giving average raises of 6% were a concern, but there were signs that they would fall later this year.
Alexander Batten, a bond portfolio manager with Columbia Threadneedle Investments, said recent data suggested that a sharp weakening of the labour market was coming "but we suspect this may not come soon enough to prevent one final 25 basis-point hike in March".
Martin Beck, an economist with forecasters the EY ITEM Club, said the peak in Bank Rate had probably now been reached given the weak outlook for the economy, and rate cuts could occur by the end of the year.
The BoE's announcement came a day after the U.S. Federal Reserve slowed the pace of its rate hikes with a quarter-point move but said it expected further increases would be needed. The European Central Bank raised rates by a half a percentage point on Thursday to 2.5% and signalled at least one more increase.